|| Tannic, tarry wines of great
breed and lasting power from southern Italy.
|| Hybrid. Undistinguished grape
with highly coloured juice, teinturier.
| Baco Noir
|| Hybrid. Full-bodied, deep colour,
smoky blackberry flavour.
|| Medium colour, high acid, dry
| Cabernet Franc
|| (Bouchet) Usually blended with
Cabernet Sauvignon or Merlot. Medium-weight, herbaceous wines suggestive
of violets and raspberries.
| Cabernet Sauvignon
|| Deep ruby colour, black currant
and cedar nose, full-bodied, tannic when young. Capable of long ageing.
Softened with Merlot, Cabernet Franc in Bordeaux and in California
|| Widely planted, high yielding.
Astringent table wine with good colour, used for blending.
|| Hot-weather grape, deep colour
and meaty flavour, low tannins. Good for blending.
| de Chaunac
|| Hybrid. Acid, tough red, slightly
smoky in flavour.
|| Deep-coloured, soft, fruity
wine, not for ageing.
|| Garnet colour, light, dry wine
tasting of raspberries.
|| Grape of Beaujolais. Fresh,
fruity, light-bodied wines tasting of cherry and plums with peppery
finish. Fast maturing.
| Gamay Beaujolais
|| Hybrid. Pinot Noir–Valdiguié
crossing. Not very distinguished. Fruity flavour, high acid.
|| (Garnacha/Cannonau) Fruity,
high alcohol, low tannins, soft. Good for rosé. Fast maturing.
|| Light colour, fragrant strawberry
aroma, very dry.
|| (Gamza) Powerful, deep, full-bodied
|| Light, grapey, fruity, off-dry
|| (Cot) Early maturing, low acid,
blackberry flavour. A lesser blending grape in Bordeaux.
| Maréchal Foch
|| Hybrid. Deep-coloured, peppery,
plummy, acidic wine.
|| Purple, full-bodied wines, blackberry
flavour. Less tannic and earlier maturing than Cabernet Sauvignon.
Ages very well.
|| (Mataro) Deep-coloured, powerful
wines with a spicy blackberry taste.
|| (Spanna/Chiavennasca) The noble
grape of Piedmont producing long-lasting wines that take time to soften.
Brick red, truffles and violets on the nose with an austere dry finish.
| Petite Sirah
|| Californian name for the French
Duriff. Full-bodied, deep-coloured wines with peppery flavour.
| Pinot Noir
|| (Pinot Nero/Spätburgunder)
One of the grapes of Champagne and the grape of red Burgundy. Difficult
to cultivate. Garnet colour, barnyard bouquet, raspberry flavour,
medium weight. Ages very well.
| Pinot Meunier
|| Secondary grape of Champagne.
Fruity, acidic, low alcohol.
|| S. Africa
|| (Hermitage) Pinot Noir–Cinsault
crossing. Robust, powerful red, inky nose. Fast maturing, ageing potential.
|| Massive black wines of high
alcohol and intense fruit. Thought to be progenitor of the Californian
| Ruby Cabernet
|| Carignan–Cabernet Sauvignon
crossing. Deep-coloured, fruity wines but lacking the finesse and
breeding of Cabernet Sauvignon.
|| A Chianti grape usually blended
with Canaiolo. Earthy, truffle-scented wines with fine acidity and
ample tannins. Capable of long ageing.
|| Middle East
|| (Shiraz) Powerful black, aromatic
wines tasting of blackberries and white pepper. Capable of long ageing.
|| (Ull de Llebre) Pinot Noir-like
character. Pale ruby colour, coconut and sandalwood bouquet. Dry strawberry
flavour. Ages elegantly.
| Touriga Naçional
|| The best port grape. Intense
dark wine with high tannin and a lovely berry nose. Other port grapes
include Mourisco, Tinta Francisca, Tinta Amarella, Tinta Cao and Touriga
|| Black wines of high acidity
and tannin that age well.
|| Versatile grape that can produce
powerhouse to medium-weight reds, rosés and blush wines. Characterized
by a blackberry flavour and intense fruit. Also late harvest with